The Name Constraints extension indicates to the relying party what namespaces are acceptable for the various hierarchical name forms such as DN, DNS names, URL, IP address, RFC 822 names, UPN, etc.  The extension is only valid for a CA certificate.  There are two components for this as defined in https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5280#section-4.2.1.10 as: Permitted Subtree(s):  This…

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The magic number is a value that states when CRLs will be processed over OCSP, specifically it is when the total number of cached OCSP responses from a single OCSP responder URL on behalf of a single certificate authority will stop performing OCSP and start processing CRLs. This will occur if the number of cached…

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